S

The Glossary of Construction Terms:
A Guide to Understanding Home Construction.

 
Scaling
In concrete, the breaking away of the top surface of the concrete, caused by a freeze/thaw cycle.  In painting, the flaking or peeling away of paint.
 
Sheathing
The structural covering, usually wood boards or plywood, used over studs or rafters of a structure.  Structural building board is normally used only as wall sheathing.
 
Shingles
Roof covering of asphalt, asbestos, wood, tile, slate or other material cut to stock lengths, widths and thicknesses.
 
Siding
The finish covering the outside walls of a frame building, whether made of horizontal weatherboards, vertical boards with battens, shingles or other material.
 
Sill
the lowest member of the frame of a structure, resting on the foundation and supporting the floor joists or the uprights of a wall.  The member forming the lower side of an opening, as a door-sill or window-sill.
 
Sill plates
A support member laid on the top of the foundation wall that serves as a base for the wall framing.
 
Silicone
A synthetic lubricating compound with high resistance to temperature change and water.  When added to caulking, it extends elasticity properties and increases the life of the caulking.
 
Soffit
Usually the underside of an overhanging cornice or roof.
 
Soffit vent
A vent located under the ceiling of a roof overhang.
 
Spackle
See joint compound.
 
Spalling
Flaking or chipping of stone or other masonry materials.  Similar to scaling, but the chips and flakes are larger.
 
Stud
One of a series of slender wood or metal vertical structural members placed as supporting elements in walls and partitions.
 
Sub-flooring
A wood sheet flooring directly over the joists that supports the underlayment of floor covering.
 
Swale
The soil contour on a building lot deliberately shaped to channel rain water away from the home.
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